Des Grecs en Palestine au IIIe siècle avant Jésus-Christ. Le dossier Syrien des Archives de Zénon de Caunos (261-252).
Gabalda, Paris, 1997. 304p. Paperback. A lot of pencil amrkings and annotations from TR. Series: Cahiers de la Revue Biblique, 38. “Pestman’s extensive inventory `A Guide to the Zenon Archive` (Brill, Leiden, 1981) opened the papyri to scholarly investigation in a way previously impossible. Xavier Durand has built on Pestman’s work to provide an invaluable resource for scholars of Hellenistic Judea and its environs. The bulk of D.’s volume is a critical edition of sixty-two documents witnessing to life in Palestine in the middle of the third century B.C.E. With chronological and topographical references, onomastics, and occasional paleographical considerations (…), D.’s presentation of the texts is standard (…). D. ten presents a transcription of the Greek text, brief notes on the text, a French translation, and a commentary, usually brief, though occasionally more extensive. In the commentaries D. defends the document’s placement in the collection when that is necessary, relates the text to other texts in the collection, and deals with any issues that have been raised in the history of scholarship. While the gathering and publication of the tests is D.’s main contribution, he also offers valuable introductions to the collection. Specifically, D. places Zenon’s trip to Palestine in the context of the Ptolemaic and economic consolidation of the Syrian frontier. Basing himself upon recently publishes evidence, D. argues that Ptolemy II had just completed a military engagement with Antiochus II in Syria and was preparing for a new military campaign against the Seleucid Empire. (…) Particularly, D. contrasts the region as it is portrayed in the `Letter of Aristeas`, a region centered on the temple in Jerusalem, with the peripheral status of Jerusalem indicated by the Zenon archive. Without resolving this difference, D. rightly argues that in any adequate reconstruction of this era in Judea one must take into account not only the data provided by the `Letter of Aristeas` but also that provided by the Zenon archive. Durand has done the field a tremendous device. While the documents which he has collected contain very little direct information on he development of particular Judean traditions, they allow unique insight into the social, economic, and political history of Palestine in the Ptolemaic era. (… ) The evidence from the Zenon papyri gathered by D. calls for continued and careful scholarly examination.’ (JOHN W. WRIGHT in The Catholic Biblical Quarterly, 1998, pp.724-726). From the library of the late Prof. Dr. Tony Reekmans.